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Jan. 18, 2022

s2e11 History of Prints The Italians (Parmigianino)

s2e11 History of Prints The Italians (Parmigianino)

Mannerist painter/printmaker Parmigianino in the spotlight


In s2e11, Tru Ludwig and Ann Shafer talk about chiaroscuro woodcuts before moving on to the Mannerist painter and printmaker Parmigianino. Coming off the High Renaissance and the Sack of Rome in 1527, artists were looking for ways to shake it up. Out goes the solid forms and placid emotions and in comes the twisting, off-kilter compositions and extremes in emotions. Parmigianino is the first to really take up etching in a meaningful way (it's been engraving until this point--remember, Dürer tried etching but hated it). Tru makes the case for Parmigianino as a crucial creator. Ann becomes a fan.

Images discussed are below along with their credit/institution.

Additional resources:
Linda Hults. The Print in the Western World: An Introductory History. Madison, WI: University of Wisconsin Press, 1996.

Naoko Takahatake, ed. The Chiaroscuro Woodcut in Renaissance Italy. Los Angeles: Los Angeles County Museum of Art, and Munich and New York: DelMonico Books/Prestel, 2018.

Episode image: Parmigianino (Italian, 1503–1540). Entombment, c. 1527–30. Etching. Sheet: 13 1/16 x 9 7/16 in. (332 x 240 mm.). Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York.

 


Israel van Meckenem (German, c. 1445–1503). Double Portrait of Israhel van Meckenem and His Wife Ida, c. 1490. Engraving. Sheet (trimmed to platemark): 130 x 175 mm. (5 1/8 x 6 7/8 in.). National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C.

Raphael (Italian, 1483–1520). School of Athens, 1509–11. Stanza della Segnatura, Apostolic Palace, Vatican.

Michelangelo (Italian, 1475–1564). Sistine Chapel Ceiling, 1509–12. Vatican City.


Parmigianino (Italian, 1503–1540). Madonna and Child with Angels (Madonna with the Long Neck), c. 1534–40. Oil on panel. 216.5 x 132.5 cm. Uffizi Gallery, Florence.


Parmigianino (Italian, 1503–1540). Self-Portrait in a Convex Mirror, c. 1524. Oil on convex panel. 24.4 cm. diameter. Kunsthistoriches Museum, Vienna.

Giovanni Jacopo Caraglio (Italian, c. 1500/05–1565). Diogenes, c. 1526–27. Engraving. Sheet (trimmed within platemark): 286 x 217 mm. (11 ¼ x 8 9/16 in.). Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York.

Michelangelo (Italian, 1475–1564). Madonna of the Stairs, c. 1491. Marble. 56.7 × 40.1 cm. (22.3 × 15.8 in.). Casa Buonarroti, Florence.

Michelangelo (Italian, 1475–1564). Pietà, 1498–99. Marble. 174 × 195 cm. (68.5 × 76.8 in.). St. Peter’s Basilica, Vatican City.


Ugo da Carpi (Italian, c. 1470–1532), after Parmigianino (Italian, 1503–1540). Diogenes, c. 1527–30. Chiaroscuro woodcut printed from four blocks in gray-green. Image: 18 11/16 x 13 5/8 in. (475 x 346 mm.). Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York.

Roman. Laocoön and His Sons, 27 BCE–68 CE. Marble. 208 × 163 × 112 cm. (82 × 64 × 44 in.). Museo Pio-Clementino, Vatican City.  

Lucas Cranach the Elder (Germany, 1472–1553). Saint Christopher, c. 1509. Chiaroscuro woodcut printed in black and red-brown. Image: 11 x 7 1/2 in. (279 x 191 mm.). Minneapolis Institute of Arts, Minneapolis.

Ugo da Carpi (Italian, c. 1470–1532), after Titian (Italian, 1489/90–1576). St Jerome in the desert seated facing left, c.1516. Chiaroscuro woodcut with two color blocks in green. Sheet: 156 x 95 mm. British Museum, London.

Antonio da Trento (Italian, c. 1508–1550), after Parmigianino (Italian, 1503–1540). The Martyrdom of Saints Peter and Paul, c. 1530. Chiaroscuro woodcut printed from three blocks in three tones of blue. Sheet: 283 x 470 mm. (11 1/8 x 18 1/2 in.). National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C.

Antonio da Trento (Italian, c. 1508–1550), after Parmigianino (Italian, 1503–1540). The Martyrdom of Saints Peter and Paul, c. 1530. Chiaroscuro woodcut printed from three blocks in ochre and black. Sheet: 290 x 482 mm. (11 7/16 x 19 in.). National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C.

Antonio da Trento (Italian, c. 1508–1550), after Parmigianino (Italian, 1503–1540). The Martyrdom of Saints Peter and Paul, c. 1530. Chiaroscuro woodcut printed from three blocks in dark green (line block), gray-green, and light gray-brown. Sheet (trimmed within border): 285 x 460 mm. (11 1/4 x 18 1/8 in.). National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C.

Parmigianino (Italian, 1503–1540). Entombment, c. 1527–30. Etching. Sheet: 13 1/16 x 9 7/16 in. (332 x 240 mm.). Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York.


Albrecht Dürer (German, 1471–1528). Agony in the Garden, 1515. Etching. Sheet: 9 3/16 × 6 9/16 in. (234 × 166 mm.). Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York.

Parmigianino (Italian, 1503–1540). The Lovers, 1527–30. Etching. Sheet (trimmed within platemark): 5 13/16 × 4 1/8 in. (148 × 105 mm.). Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York.

Andrea Mantegna (Italian, c. 1431–1506). The Entombment, 1465–75. Engraving. Sheet (trimmed within plate): 229 x 439 mm. Art Institute of Chicago.

Federico Barocci (Italian, 1528–1612). The Stigmatization of Saint Francis, c. 1575. Etching, engraving, and drypoint. Sheet (trimmed to platemark): 228 x 145 mm. Achenbach Foundation for Graphic Arts, Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco.

 



Platemark is produced by Ann Shafer
Series one co-host: Ben Levy
Series two co-host: Tru Ludwig
Theme music:
Michael Diamond